What is Dry Skin?
Dry skin appears dull, flaky and scaly, feels rough and itchy and fine lines in the skin become visible. This affects the hands, arms and legs, but can also affect the trunk of the body.
Dry skin is commonly accompanied by itching, which can be severe and interfere with sleep and other daily activities. Repeated rubbing and scratching can produce areas of thickened, rough skin that can cause painful cracks in the skin. If untreated, very dry skin may result in inflammations, eczema and other forms of dermatitis.
What causes Dry Skin?
Dry air is probably the most common cause of dry skin, especially during the winter. It draws the moisture right out of the skin. Dry skin during winter even gets its own name: winter itch.
Long, Hot Showers & Baths
Prolonged exposure to water, especially hot water can wash away the natural oils that protect your skin. Lukewarm rather than hot water is better for dry skin problem.
Soap can quickly strip away your skin's protective oils, and we tend to use way too much of it. Ironically, in the quest to rid ourselves of germs, excessive hand washing can dry out the skin.
Many people obstinately wear clothing that they find itchy. But no matter how much you might love the look of a sweater, it's not worth it if it's uncomfortable.
Medications and Drugs
A number of medicines have the side effect of drying out the skin. use it to crack and bleed, making infection much more likely.
Tips to prevent and treat Dry Skin
Use a soap-free, sulfate-free wash in the bath or shower. It is less likely to strip the natural oils from your skin
Select a cleanser that is non-irritating
Use a concentrated moisturiser to hydrate your skin
Select a moisturiser that is non-greasy and absorbs very well
Select a moisturiser that provides 24 hours of moisturisation