Conditions Glossary

Angular Cheilitis

An inflammation of one or both corners of the mouth, angular cheilitis commonly affects persons who wear oral dentures or masks at work, and children who slobber or use oral pacifiers or soothers (dummys). It is common in older people. Causing painful cracks, redness and irritation, treatments include self-care and applying lip balm during the day and before bed.

Athlete’s Foot

Tinea pedis (Athlete’s Foot) is a contagious, fungal infection that affects the feet and toes. It’s common in runners or athletes who sweat and have damp shoes or socks. Symptoms include a scaly rash that case cause stinging, burning and itching. Treatments include topical skin creams, but more serious cases may require prescription medication.

Autoimmune disease

An autoimmune disease occurs when the immune system produces antibodies that attack the body’s cells. Common autoimmune conditions include lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and Coeliac disease. Although there is no cure, there are treatments available. Specific cause is unknown although genetics, stress, infection and diet are known to trigger symptoms. 


Commonly known as chapped lips, cheilitis is the inflammation of the skin on the lips and at the corners of the mouth. Causing redness and irritation, cheilitis can occur after overexposure to the sun or other weather conditions, constant lip-licking or eczema. Most instances can be self-treated at home using lip balm during the day and at night to prevent further skin irritation. Some more serious conditions will need medical treatment in the form of anti-fungal or topical steroid creams.

Cradle Cap

Commonly known as Cradle Cap when it occurs in infants, seborrhoeic dermatitis causes crusty, scaly skin on the scalp. Although not painful or itchy, large crusts of skin can form and be unsightly. Often resolving itself, home treatments include washing baby’s hair with a mild, soap-free shampoo. If symptoms spread or persist seek medical advice.


A general term to describe a range of complaints characterised by itchy skin, dermatitis is often described as eczema. There are a number of types of dermatitis, all of which affect the sufferer in different ways, including itchy skin, crusted patches or weeping blisters. Dermatitis can occur in children and adults and although there is no cure there are treatments that can ease symptoms.


Atopic dermatitis, commonly known as eczema, is a non-contagious skin condition that causes itchy and red patches of skin. Although common in children, eczema can occur at any age. A family history increases your risk and there is no cure, although it can be successfully treated with medications and self-care.

Keratosis pilaris

Causing dry, rough patches and small bumps on the upper arms, thighs and cheeks, this harmless skin complaint is most common in teenagers and children. Symptoms can be eased using topical moisturisers or prescription creams. Most cases resolve in adulthood.


A non-contagious condition that causes inflammation of the skin, nail and joints, psoriasis commonly occurs in young adults. Symptoms include red, scaly areas of skin, often on scalp, knees and elbows. Some sufferers report pain, swelling and joint tenderness. While there is no cure, symptoms can be treated with medication and lifestyle and diet management.


Most common in women aged 30-50 years, rosacea is a non-contagious skin condition that causes redness, flushing and acne-like bumps on the cheeks and face. Environmental factors and genetics are thought to be the primary triggers, although an exact cause is unknown. Treatments include medications and avoidance of any food, drink, or lifestyle related triggers.


Also known as Xeroderma, this common skin condition occurs when the skin loses moisture and becomes dry, flaked, scaly, red and itchy. Most common in older people, xerosis can be caused by using harsh soaps or too frequent bathing or hand washing. Using a soap-free cleanser, lip and hand balms, and moisturiser can help ease symptoms.